Your Guide to Peptic Ulcers

Many of us turn to the popular over-the-counter medicine Aspirin to relieve our minor aches and pains. Those with an elevated risk of heart attacks, strokes, and blood clots rely on Aspirin to keep them healthy.

Like with any medicine, there are risks associated with heavy use of Aspirin. Those who overuse Aspirin find themselves developing peptic ulcers. If you’re like me, you’ve probably never heard of peptic ulcers before. Of course, peptic ulcers have other causes besides heavy Aspirin use. Keep reading to learn more about these causes, recognize the symptoms, and keep you and your stomach healthy.

What are Peptic Ulcers?

Skipping all the medical jargon, peptic ulcers are sores on the lining of the stomach. These ulcers are called gastric ulcers. Peptic ulcers can also form on the lining of the small intestine — and these ulcers are called duodenal ulcers.

These ulcers are a result of the stomach acid eating away at the stomach or small intestine’s lining.

Complications from Peptic Ulcers

Peptic ulcers can lead to a variety of health complications. These complications include internal bleeding, perforation (the development of a hole in the stomach or small intestine which can lead to infection), and the creation of scar tissue that can make it hard for food to pass through the digestive system.

Symptoms of Peptic Ulcers

Many people who are living with peptic ulcers do not exhibit any symptoms — which can make them hard to diagnose. For those exhibiting symptoms, however, there are a variety of things to look for.

  • Burning sensation located in the stomach
  • Vomiting
  • Chest Pain
  • Bloody or black stools
  • Weight loss
  • Bloating
  • Increased burping
  • Changes in appetite

If you notice that you are experiencing many of these symptoms, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible. After listening to your symptoms, they will likely order one or both of the following tests:

  • Upper endoscopy

In an upper endoscopy, your doctor will stick a long tube that has a camera attached to it down your throat to look for ulcers in your stomach and small intestine. Your doctor can remove tissues for further examination with the device.

  • Upper GI

This test is usually performed on those who are not at an increased risk of stomach cancer. With this test, you will drink barium and then the doctor will X-Ray your stomach to check your stomach and small intestine for ulcers.

Causes of Peptic Ulcers

  • Heavy use of Aspirin, Advil, and many other inflammatory drugs
  • Helicobacter pylori (a bacteria that is known to cause stomach infections)
  • Smoking
  • Frequent alcohol consumption
  • Radiation Therapy

Of course, other causes exist for peptic ulcers.

Treating Peptic Ulcers

According to GastroCare LI, treatment that your doctor recommends for your peptic ulcers will depend on their cause. For example, medication will be prescribed if the cause of your peptic ulcer is determined to be bacteria.

However, if your peptic ulcers do not have a bacterial cause, your doctor will likely recommend an over the counter medication that reduces stomach acid build-up.

The Legal Awards That Really Mean Something with Lawyers

You’ve been in an accident. You know you have a case. But you also know you need to choose the right lawyer to represent you against some tough opposition. Picking that lawyer can be incredibly difficult, since so much rides on their skills. What you need, then, is a way to separate out the best lawyers from the merely good. There are lots of ways to do this, but one of them is to look at the awards each lawyer has won.

Unfortunately, lawyers don’t make this easy for you. Lawyers know that awards matter to prospective clients, so they advertise whatever awards they’ve got. If they’ve won anything in their lives, they’ll put it up on their site to make themselves look more authoritative and prestigious.

Knowing which awards really matter in the legal world can help you see through this subterfuge so that you choose a lawyer that really does stand out for their legal skills. To cut straight to it, there are three big legal awards that will prove you’re working with a great lawyer. Those are:

  • An AV Preeminent rating from Martindale-Hubbell
  • A 10.0 Superb rating from Avvo
  • Membership as a Super Lawyer

These awards prove a lot, especially when all three are present. They show they are esteemed by colleagues (Martindale-Hubbell ratings come from others in the legal field). It shows they are respected by former clients and have done a good job for them (Avvo measures how clients feel about their lawyers). Meanwhile, Super Lawyers combine both aspects and use outside, independent research, proving that a lawyer is, without a doubt, great at what they do.

Therefore, if you find a lawyer with these three awards, you can rest assured they know what they’re doing when they represent you in your case. These awards are common enough that you can probably find a lawyer that has all three in any metropolitan area, but they are rare and exclusive enough that only the highest quality lawyers ever get all three.

How do you know if your potential lawyer has these three awards? As stated before, lawyers are proud of their awards, and they tend to advertise them clearly. For example, look at the site for the well-awarded Glover Law Firm. They place their awards right up front so that their potential clients know just how good the firm is. The vast majority of law firms will follow this same pattern, or else include their awards under a tab titled “Awards” “Honors” or “Accolades.” If you don’t see these awards when scanning the home page or clicking more than two links, you can be pretty certain they don’t have the awards.

By focusing in on the awards, you can cut out the lawyers that just don’t have the experience or skill to represent you well and be sure you are truly hiring the best.

When Does an Injury Require a Lawyer?

Injury is a scary word for everyone. No matter how the sentence ends, when someone hears “I was injured in…” or “I was injured by…” they fear the worst. Injury feels so much stronger than the word “hurt.” It feels official, and it feels long term.

But when is an injury not just an unfortunate accident? When is an injury someone’s fault?

For most of us, it’s a difficult idea to define. There are obvious examples we can see easily: a car runs a red light and hits a pedestrian, that driver is guilty. Two drivers speeding and not paying attention hit each other, both are at fault.

But when it comes to the gray area in between, we can struggle to know what to do and who to assign guilt to, and that can lead to some very unfortunate consequences.

Because, if you are involved in an accident and you make the wrong call, you may end up costing yourself and others time and money. If you go forward with a lawsuit when one isn’t warranted, you’ve wasted hours and money of yours and the other party (as well as the lawyers) on a pointless case. If you don’t pursue a lawsuit when someone is guilty, you may have massive medical bills and pain and suffering that could be compensated that never will be.

Because it is difficult to make these choices, it is often wise to bring a lawyer in to consider the case for you and to give you advice. This area of law is called “personal injury” and many lawyers will hear out your situation and give you some initial advice for free. (In fact, many lawyers will take your case for free and simply take their fees from whatever you win in court, if you do win, otherwise, they too don’t get paid.)

Personal injury can cover a wide variety of cases, including car accidents, truck accidents, workers’ compensation, premises liability, products liability, and medical malpractice.

Each of those areas is vast and complicated in its own right, but the general concept of each should be clear. The first two categories refer to automotive-based accidents, and can cover anything from the person hit on the bicycle by the driver going through a red, to a tipped over semi truck that causes an accident, and much in between. Workers’ compensation involves accidents on the job, while premises and product liability are about the safety of locations and objects that might have caused injury due to some form of negligence. Medical malpractice occurs when doctors and other health professionals cause injury or death by making avoidable mistakes.

With each of these, most cases fall into the gray area that is hard to decide from a layman’s perspective. If you’ve been harmed in one of these ways, or know someone who has, look for a lawyer to consider your case. Injury may be a scary word, but a scarier thought is going through life with an injury that others should have paid for.


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Personal Injury: Medical Negligence

When an individual is injured as a result of another’s negligence, they may be able to claim compensation for their suffering by filing a personal injury lawsuit. Since people sustain injuries in a variety of ways, personal injury lawsuits fall into a variety of categories. One category of essential important is medical malpractice, which is committed whenever a doctor or other medical worker fails to meet the standards of his or her field. Given the high dollar value of medical malpractice claims, it’s important for injured individuals to hire an experienced personal injury lawyer who can help them build a legally legitimate case.

Types of medical negligence

As the Oklahoma personal injury attorneys at Abel Law Firm explain, medical malpractice can occur in a number of ways including the following:

  • Surgical errors: surgery can be as dangerous as it is beneficial when doctors and nurses are negligent. Surgical errors can increase both a patient’s hospital bills and degree of suffering, so victims are often eligible to claim compensation for such errors.
  • Misdiagnosis: covers instances in which doctors improperly diagnose their patients. This can occur when doctors fail to order the proper tests, fail to check patient history, fail to recognize obvious signs of an illness, or fail to order enough scans, bloodwork, or other tests
  • Infections spread through hospitals: infections such as tuberculosis, mycobacterium abscessus, and norovirus can occur when a hospital fails to keep its facilities as safe and sanitary as possible
  • Medication errors: covers instances in which doctors prescribe the wrong medication, use defective/contaminated equipment to administer medicine, prescribe an incorrect dosage, prescribe a medicine the patient is allergic to, etc.

This list of potential medical malpractice cases is far from comprehensive, so it’s important for individuals injured by medical care to seek an expert’s opinion as soon as possible.


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Obtaining an Immigrant Visa: The First Step to Becoming a Lawful Permanent Resident in the U.S.

The first paragraph in the website of the U.S. Department of State – Bureau of Consular Affairs says, “Foreign citizens who want to live permanently in the United States must first obtain an immigrant visa. This is the first step to becoming a lawful permanent resident.”

Immigrating to the U.S., however, is not simple, much more the process that foreign nationals have to go through once they decide which visa program or category they want to qualify into. Though the family-based or employment-based visa categories are the programs that most immigrants apply into, there is another category wherein certain individuals may qualify, the processing time of which is much faster, and the requirements are fewer: the EB-5 visa, also known as the employment fifth preference visa.

The EB-5 Program was approved by the U.S. Congress in 1990 for the purpose of boosting the growth of the nation’s economy through capital investment and job creation by foreign investors.

The EB-5 Immigrant Investor Program is the easiest way for wealthy foreign nationals (and their families) to obtain a U.S. Green Card. The required amount of investment is $1 million for the creation of a new commercial enterprise and $500,000 if the investment is to be made in a Regional Center.

In accordance with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) definitions, a commercial enterprise refers to any type of “for-profit activity formed for the ongoing conduct of lawful business including, but not limited to:

  • Sole proprietorship;
  • Partnership (whether limited or general);
  • Holding company;
  • Joint venture;
  • Corporation;
  • Business trust or other entity, which may be publicly or privately owned; and,
  • A commercial enterprise consisting of a holding company and its wholly owned subsidiaries, provided that each such subsidiary is engaged in a for-profit activity formed for the ongoing conduct of a lawful business.”

An EB-5 Regional Center (RC), meanwhile, is a USCIS-designated service agent organization with the purpose of helping EB-5 investors complete a project and meet the requirements mandated under the EB-5 Program. There are 1,203 EB-5 Regional Centers all across the U.S.; this includes the 851 regional centers approved by the USCIS on August 1, 2016.

Every year, the USCIS grants 10,000 visas through the EB-5 program. For the first time since 2007, when only 700 EB-5 visas were issued by the USCIS, the annual quota of 10,000 was reached both in 2014 and 2015. More than 90% of those granted the visa were from China.

Aside from China, Russia is another country where a steady flow of those immigrating into the U.S. come from.

Russian willing to invest in the U.S. began to increase in the early 1990s, after the collapse of Communism and after. The plummeting of the Russian stock market and the Russian ruble in 2014, however, has had unfavorable effects on those planning on investing in the U.S. as it made the $500,000 EB-5 investment now cost up to about 50% more in rubles than it did just a few years ago. Fortunately, a lot of wealthy Russians who would qualify under the EB-5 program have dollar and/or Euro currency accounts outside of Russia.

Individuals pursing an EB-5, however, are often able to avoid many of the time delays and strict visa requirements that other hopeful immigrants face in their journey to the U.S.”

Furthermore, “individuals taking advantage of the Immigrant Investor Program can secure a green card and enjoy the following benefits:

  • No language, age, professional experience, or education requirements;
  • No need for direct family members in the United States;
  • No residency requirements in the U.S.;
  • No workplace requirements in the U.S.; and,
  • For individuals investing in Regional Center projects, no daily management / running of a business.”


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Common Workplace Injuries

Whether you work construction or consulting, the workplace requires attention to detail in order to avoid injury. Even seemingly harmless trades, like consulting, contain risks that workers must be aware of to properly protect themselves. In the event of an injury, workers compensation is frequently necessary to avoid loss of income and compensate for decreased work functionality. According to the Benton Law Firm, Workers compensation is an insurance program that can recover some financial loss for any work-related injury or illness. However, there are some limitations to workers compensation, and in many situations, there are ways to receive additional damages for your injury. The process of recovering workers compensation involves lawyers and insurance companies assessing precise levels of disability to determine the proper payout.

The most common workplace injuries are overexertion injuries caused by pulling, lifting, pushing, holding, carrying, and throwing activities at work. These tasks can be impossible to avoid in industries that require manual labor. To avoid injuries such as these it is important to be aware of, and have access to, safety standards and equipment. OSHA, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, focuses on keeping workers safe by mandating these procedures be followed. These procedures include mandatory training courses and safety equipment that must be worn at all times in risky workplaces.

A less obvious, but equally dangerous, workplace injury is caused by repetitive motion. These kinds of injuries are more common in office jobs, as employees frequently sit at their desk for hours at a time. There are many opportunities for repetitive motion injuries in an office setting. You can strain your eyes from staring at a computer screen for too long, develop carpal tunnel syndrome from typing for too long, or damage your back muscles by sitting for too long. To combat these risks, it is immensely important that employees take breaks to move around and get their blood flowing.


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Effects of Having A Criminal Record on Child Custody

One of the major issues being settled in a divorce case is child custody. When it comes to determining who gets custody, court decision will always boil down on the best interest of the child. Determining child custody can be a long and drawn out battle between the spouses. When one of the parents has a criminal conviction in their record, it could have a huge impact on the child custody case. If a parent has a previous criminal record, their history can play a huge role in their child custody case. Its effects on child custody will depend on several factors such as:

  • The victim of the offense
  • Type of offense
  • Age when the offense was committed
  • Nature of the sentence
  • Multiple convictions

If you have a criminal record and is in a child custody case, the judge will want to look at the identity and relationship of your previous victim. If the past offense caused emotional or psychological injury to one of your children, chances are the court could limit your custody and visitation rights. According to the website of Horst Law, the criminal conviction can haunt the parent for years and can affect their chances on getting a favorable decision on their child custody case. In making their decision, the judge will look at the nature of the conviction. If the previous crime involved crimes such as assault, battery, weapons offenses, stalking and others, this would make the court worry about anger management and violence issues which could affect the child custody case once the history of domestic violence has been established. This will make the court assume that you are a bad parent due to your history of abusive record.

The court may only award limited or supervised child custody. Likewise, drug or alcohol related violence can also affect the child custody case. You may be required to submit to a hair follicle test to determine whether you used drug use for several months. If you are tested positive for drug use, you may just be awarded with supervised visitation.


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